Depression is a serious illness that requires the help of specialists. Who is at risk, how to recognize the disease and what to do. It prescribes a variety of drugs, including https://pillintrip.com/medicine/eglonyl.
According to Alexander Kovylin, psychotherapist of Novokuznetsk city clinical hospital № 29 outpatient clinic № 2, today depression is one of the three diseases which lead to death. If the trend continues, the World Health Organization predicts that by 2030 the disease will head the list of causes of death. The fact is that depression often causes people to turn to alcohol and drugs, and the most extreme manifestation of the disease is suicide. According to WHO, annually about 800 thousand people in the world die as a result of suicide, and this is the second most important cause of death among people aged 15-29.
By the way, depression has no age, children, teenagers and adults are all subject to it. According to the observations of medical psychologist of the woman consultation No.1 Nadezhda Talnikova, the state of depression among teenagers is increasing. One of the reasons the specialist sees in excessive fascination with gadgets.
“This leads young people to minimize communication. If it does exist, its subject matter is disconnected from existing reality and has only to do with gaming. When these teenagers grow up and become adults, they find themselves extremely unfit for life, where you can’t push a button and get instant results. Real reality requires doing things that may not be very pleasant, it takes effort,” explains the psychologist.
As Alexander Kovylin notes, most often neurotic depressions are preceded by some stressful situations and conflicts (in contrast to endogenous depressions caused by the presence of mental pathology). Representatives of those professions that involve communication with a wide range of people and in which there are factors contributing to emotional burnout are in the risk group.
“In the first place, according to statistics, are pediatric intensive care specialists and surgeons. Next are psychotherapists, psychiatrists, teachers, representatives of the security forces,” Alexander Kovylin lists.
According to experts, it is possible to suspect depression by several signs. These are:
sleep disorders (insomnia or, conversely, prolonged sleep)
lack of a sense of rest after sleep
perceptual disorders (food tasteless, colors faded, no smells)
loss of activity
emotional lability (sudden fluctuations in emotions)
withdrawal into oneself, reduction of the circle of communication. At the neglected form – fear to go outside the apartment or even a room.
It is clear that a one-time manifestation of these symptoms does not yet speak of the disease. But if they are present for at least two weeks, it makes sense to see a specialist. But it is not worth self-treatment, urges Alexander Kovylin.
“You should not be afraid to consult psychotherapists and psychiatrists. The common belief that the patient will immediately be placed on the psychiatric register is fundamentally wrong! Also untrue is the information that antidepressants cause addiction. But we must remember: only a specialist can take responsibility for prescribing medication,” says the doctor.
In the treatment of depression, it is important not just to relieve symptoms, but to help people learn to react more adequately to certain stressful situations – after all, no one is immune to them. Therefore, along with medical drugs, the patient is given psychocorrection of the condition.
There is no magic cure for depression, but it is possible to reduce the risk. Here are some tips from Alexander Kovylin:
If you are unable to influence any situation, perceive it without evaluation, such as it is.
In the event of a conflict, try to put it into a constructive track.
Do not “wind” yourself up. The simplest example – the person is delayed. Relatives, without knowing the real reason, are beginning to imagine pictures, one more beautiful than another. Do not.
In any situation, find at least some positive aspects. The more we pay attention to the positive, the more comfortable our psychological state. It would be nice to get into the habit every night to sum up: what good things happened during the day, what we rejoice, what caused a smile.
Nadezhda Taldnikova advises to learn to reflect (not to “dig” in themselves, not to seek accusations of themselves or others), to search for meaning, to reason, to have the courage to admit to yourself that we are not perfect. Another “preventive measure” is to be a little more ironic about yourself and humorous about life.
A separate recommendation – for parents. According to the psychologist, it is useful for children to receive information from the world around them at all levels. Therefore, they need to give them more opportunities in this regard – listen, observe, touch, smell, taste, move in all directions, and communicate with people and with animals.